Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Working towards making cities inclusive for migrants. Migrants are often especially vulnerable within cities. They may have low knowledge of local contexts, and/or multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, reducing their ability to access resources and opportunities such as housing, employment and basic services. Proactively including migrants across city-related targets, such as in affordable housing, would benefit migrants. Further, the SDGs promote a participatory and inclusive approach to city planning and management, and this should include migrant participation.
Including migrants in urban disaster risk reduction (DRR) and disaster risk management (DRM). Migrants are often more vulnerable to disasters in urban areas. For example, as informal settlements in peri-urban areas of less developed countries are often hazard-prone, migrants may be among the first and worst affected by hazards and consequently disasters, as well as less able to cope when these occur. The SDGs call to reduce deaths and mitigate negative impacts of disasters, and migrants should be proactively included in mechanisms around this.
Relevant migration-related targets
- 11.1 - By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
- 11.3 - By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
- 11.5 - By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
- 11.A - Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
- 11.B - By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
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The IOM Institutional Strategy on Migration and Sustainable Development outlines a whole-of-organization approach to comprehensively integrate migration and development into policymaking and programming within IOM. It recognizes that migration, when well managed, can be both a development strategy and a development outcome.
Developed in partnership between the Migration Policy Institute Europe and the International Organization for Migration, a new report, European Cities on the Front Line: New and emerging governance models for migrant inclusion, explores how local and regional authorities and administrations across Europe have navigated providing migrants and refugees acces
The UN-Habitat Regional Office of Arab States released an operational Guide to support Arab city leaders in responding to migration related issues in their cities in an inclusive manner and in leveraging the capacities & know-how from a wide range of actors, including migrants & host communities, to address crucial urban development needs.
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The Kuala Lumpur Declaration recognizes increased migration into urban areas as a challenge faced by cities that requires special attention. The Declaration therefore considers social cohesion and inclusive economic environment can unlock urban migrants’ development potential and increase their positive contributions. Indeed, conducive policies to ensuring migrants’ integration and protection are a pre-requisite for migrants to be able to fully participate in and contribute to society.
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Historical trends show that large movements of migrants and displaced persons are difficult to predict and that territories are often grossly unprepared for the arrival of such populations. This unpreparedness can result in a shortage in essential services such as housing, education, healthcare, and legal services for newcomers creating tensions with existing populations.