Municipality of the Metropolitan District of Quito; Mayor Mauricio Rodas Espinel
Region: Metropolitan District of Quito, Country: Ecuador
M&D mission: Promote participatory construction of public policies that tend to effectively address and understand human mobility; and thus can build alternatives for local integration and effective exercise of rights for people living in contexts of human mobility.
Local development plan(s) that include migration: Quito has a Metropolitan Development Plan which encompasses three areas: Quito as an Intelligent City, Quito as a Solidarity – based City, and Quito as a City of Opportunities. Human mobility issues, as seen from a social inclusion perspective, are included in the second pillar, which aims to establish conditions that ensure that all the various sections of society can access programs and services that enable them to have a life with dignity. At the institutional level, the Municipality of Quito addresses human mobility through the Office of Inclusion Management, within the Secretariat of Social Inclusion, lead Municipal entity in charge of social public policy; through the direct and participatory work the Secretariat has developed an intervention model that can be summarized in three fronts:
1. Consolidation of a system of comprehensive protection of rights;
2. Generation of sectoral and cross-sectoral thematic agendas that mark the construction of local public policy;
3. Generation of initiatives through Equality Plans and Promotion of Rights.
Main achievements in harnessing migration and development: Understanding human mobility from a comprehensive scope, within the context of complex relationships that are part of Quito’s pan quotidien and has led the Municipality to strive to meet the needs of different groups in human mobility under the principle of equality of basic human rights and guarantees of development. In this sense, the City of Quito has undertaken initiatives on human mobility from a complex sociopolitical perspective and is working towards building an inclusive city with justice and solidarity.
Finally, the Municipality has positioned human mobility as a social phenomenon that has multiple root causes that must be understood in order to build inclusive public policies, overcoming the paradigm of migration solely seen from an economic perspective. This is the position that the Municipality of Quito undertook to organize and host the Second Mayoral Forum on Mobility, Migration and Development, which underscores cities’ role at the forefront in addressing migration governance and harnessing its development potential. Over 80 cities, city representatives and international organizations worldwide were represented in the Forum which culminated in the release of the Quito Local Agenda for Migration and Development, which brings together the voices of all participants of the Forum into a proposal document that highlights the key role of for LRAs in implementing the migration related indicators of the SDGs by looking at specific targeted action areas that correspond to the SDG indicators.
M&D related projects currently underway: In 2008 and at the policy level, the City of Quito approved the Metropolitan Ordinance on Human Mobility, whose reformulation in 2015 resulted from a participatory process with different local stakeholders, in order to incorporate the new institutional and normative structure regarding protection of rights and formulation of public policy for local governments in the country. (http://www7.quito.gob.ec/mdmq_ordenanzas/Ordenanzas/ORDENANZAS%20A%C3%91...)
Along the same lines, once the Metropolitan Ordinance of the Comprehensive Protection System is approved, the groups living in contexts of human mobility will have a specialized subsystem, defining roadmaps for intervention and protocols for improved rights exercise as well as a space for direct representation in the Metropolitan Council for formulation, enforcement and mainstreaming in public policy of human mobility topics. ( http://www.quito.gob.ec/)
To complement this work, the Municipality will institutionalize a new management model for the "House of Human Mobility" (created in 2002) in order to stablish a space where public services - in the context of municipal competencies - and private services integrate, come together to discuss and jointly implement actions aimed at improving the quality of life of people in human mobility.
In this sense, and to capitalize on the richness of experience and expertise in the Metropolitan District, the municipality promotes the District Bureau of Human Mobility, which is a space for participation, dialogue and coordination of actions and public policies among municipal entities, public and private institutions that form part of the aforementioned specialized subsystem as well as with members of civil society organizations, people in human mobility and other actors related to the protection and promotion of rights of people in human mobility.
Key success factors:
- Embedding the human mobility issues to the general public policy of social inclusion is crucial as it allows for the construction of responses to support those affected by human mobility based on a realistic understanding of their needs and context.
- The possibility of having specific legislation and an institutional structure dedicated to human mobility issues allows for human mobility to be institutionalized into governance structures and thus assumes the necessary human and financial resources to be duly allocated, according to the competencies of the local government.
- Coordinating efforts among civil society organizations, government entities and academia, thus complementing the different areas of work and expertise / competencies allows to generate more comprehensive answers consistent with a comprehensive approach to human mobility.
For more information, contact:
Margarita Carranco, Secretary of Social Inclusion (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Guillermo Rovayo, Managing Director of Inclusion (email@example.com)
Fabiola Arregui, Human Mobility Coordinator (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Gabriela Cevallos, Human Mobility Specialist (email@example.com)