Migration Situation in Western Visayas

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This study was conducted to generate information about Overseas Filipinos and their families, as well as various government programs and services for the benefit of overseas Filipinos. Socio-demographic and psycho-graphic characteristics of Overseas Filipinos and their families were described. Issues and concerns confronting the return migrants in Western Visayas were also presented. The migration situationer covered all 6 provinces of Western Visayas especially where there are many Overseas Filipinos.

The majority of the households with migrants have only one migrant. The majority of migrants are married or cohabiting, have a college degree, and are either land-based or sea-based workers in Asia. They are temporary residents of the host country and are either on job order or contractual status. Many of those who left the country between 2000 and 2015 had no job before leaving. Those who are working are either service workers or are in trade-related occupations. Most of them left the country to look for a better paying job. Many of them have monthly earnings of between 10,000 PHP and 29,999 PHP abroad. The majority sends monthly remittances either through bank deposit or through money transfer. Most migrants come home once a year to take a vacation for one to three months.

The survey includes information on 400 households with migrants: a total of 2,307 persons. There are more females than males in these households, and a dependency ratio of 42.1. Average household size is 5.8 persons, and most of these households are composed of extended families. More than half of the household population have finished at least high school, however, only 42 percent of the members are reported to be working.

Housing characteristics of the migrants were also collected and most of the houses have finished floors, galvanized roofing, and finished walls. These households have electricity and own several durable goods, personal effects and electronic devices. Only 20 percent own real properties, 30 percent own or manage a business, and 39 percent have outstanding loans. Most common leisure activities included eating in fast food restaurants, shopping in the malls, or simply staying at home.

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Migration and Decentralized Cooperation

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Regional Development Council VI through NEDA and University of the Philippines Visayas Foundation

JMDI publication