Mapping local authorities’ practices in the area of migration and development
The Joint Migration and Development Initiative (JMDI) is pleased to announce the launching of a new report titled ‘Mapping local authorities’ practices in the area of migration and development: a territorial approach to local strategies, initiatives and needs’.
In line with the objectives and the focus of the programme’s activities, this report, which can be accessed here, emphasizes the important role of local authorities in the field of migration and development (M&D). It summarises the results of a global mapping exercise of local authorities’ M&D practices conducted from July to October 2012 by the JMDI. The study is based on the consultations and face-to face meetings held with over 2,000 stakeholders active in the field of M&D, as well as on a thorough analysis of more than 80 M&D initiatives carried out by local authorities.
While the current migration and development agenda is mostly conducted and framed at the national and international levels, this report makes the case that local authorities are the missing piece in the global migration and development puzzle. Based on the assumption that migration is a local-to-local phenomenon, the report argues that local authorities are at the forefront in confronting the transformations and opportunities that migration brings about. The report thus puts forward the idea that an increased attention to analyzing the role of decentralized levels of governments is crucial for harnessing the positive impact of migration for local development and provides a better understanding on:
- The way current migration and development issues are taking shape at the local level;
- The role of local authorities and how current socio-economic dynamics affect M&D policy-making at the local level;
- The strategies and partnerships established between local authorities and key local actors, including the private sector, civil society organisations and diaspora groups;
- The main limitations encountered by local authorities in the field of M&D and how these capacity gaps could be overcome.
The first section of report ‘Making the case for local authorities’ involvement: a territorial approach to migration and development’ gives an overview of the main issues at stake for local authorities that are involved in M&D related issues and explains how the latter can harness the potential of migration for local development through, for example initiatives focused on integration, and through decentralized cooperation frameworks.
The report then draws on the strategies that local authorities have developed in view of harnessing remittances for local development; supporting migrants’ transfer of skills and entrepreneurship; fostering the links between migration and decentralized cooperation; and promoting migrants socio-economic integration for development.
Concrete policy recommendations are presented in the final chapter of the report, which are based on the extensive in-depth interviews conducted with local authority representatives, civil society organisations, the private sector, and M&D experts and practitioners. The overall conclusion of this exercise is that by adopting a territorial approach to M&D issues, more effective partnerships and synergies can be established. Such an approach can thus maximise the positive links between migration and local development, and gives local authorities the opportunity to effectively reach out to their migrant population in order to tap into and maximise the latter’s resources and skills.
- M4D resources
- JMDI Knowledge Products
- JMDI Reports