Tunisia

Welcome to the Country Profile page of Tunisia. Below you can find information and news on the country related to migration and development, what projects are going on in the JMDI and key documents or resources related to the projects or country itself. 

 

Political and decentralization context:

Tunisia has undertaken a complete democratic transition, triggered by the 2011 revolution which marked the beginning of the ‘Arab Spring’. The country committed itself to the building of an inclusive, responsible, decentralized and transparent governance system, based on strong democratic institutions and on the rule of law. The new Constitution of January 27th 2014 has thus erected decentralization as a fundamental reference in the distribution of power, the territorial organization and the free administration by local authorities. The stated objectives are the promotion of representative, inclusive and participative democracy at the local authority level, a responsible and transparent decentralized political and fiscal governance, a more efficient local services production and fair local economic development.

 

Development context:

After having achieved significant progress towards the Millennium Development Goals, Tunisia ranked among the 10 best-performing countries in terms of non-monetary HDI and GDP between 1970 and 2010 (Human Development Report, 2010). In 2014, Tunisia’s HDI of 0.721 ranks it 96th[1]in the world. However, it is to be noted that basic education quality varies between regions and that other great socio-economic disparities exist within the territory. The country’s development is challenged by some of the current political instability both due to the post-revolutionary situation as well as the terrorism threat which has been accentuated by the political crisis faced by its neighbour, Libya. The new Tunisian government which was appointed by the 2014 electoral process has committed itself, since March 2015, to reconnect with planning practices by reactivating the necessary technical and organizational devices for developing a new Tunisian development plan. The aim is to include development actions in a new strategic vision, based on inclusion, equity and sustainability.

 

[1] Data according to the 2015 UNDP Human Development Report of 2014: http://hdr.undp.org/fr/composite/HDI 

 

Migratory context:

In 2012, the number of Tunisians abroad (mainly living in Europe) reached 1 223 213 migrants corresponding to 11,35% of the total population[1]. This migration is mainly motivated by the search for a job and improved living standards for the migrant and their family in the broad sense. Tunisians abroad contribute actively to the development of Tunisia, namely through remittances. Over the last ten years, remittances annual average represent more than 5% of the GDP and 20% of national savings. Over 53,000 foreign nationals are living in Tunisia, according to the latest demographic census by the National Institute of Statistics. As of June 2015, the number of refugees reached 824 persons and 156 asylum seekers according to the UNHCR data[2].

 

[1] Data according to the Office des Tunisiens à l’étranger: http://www.ote.nat.tn/index.php?id=133

Key local, national laws and bilateral or international agreements related to M&D:

Decree No. 1968-198 of 1968, regulating conditions of admission and residence of foreigners in Tunisia

Organic law No 2004-6 of February 3rd 2004 – Tunisia

Law No 68-26 of July 27th 1968 on Tunisia’s accession to the Protocole related to refugee status

OUA Convention regulating the specific aspects linked to refugees in Africa

 

The following organizations are working on Migration and Development-related issues in Tunisia:

Delegation of the European Union in Tunisia

Swiss Office for Development Cooperation

International Organization for Migration

High Commission for Human Rights

Ministry for Social Affairs

Desk for Tunisians abroad

Ministry for Development, Investment and International Cooperation

 

News for this country:

Portal for Tunisian abroad

Tunisia-Europe Platform on Migration

Law and Migration Centre

 

Key documents for this country:

International Migrations and Revolution in Tunisia

What links do Tunisians living in Europe keep with their country of origin?

Information systems on the labour market and information on labour migration in Tunisia

Migration of Tunisians in Libya: Dynamics, challenges and perspectives

Study on the impact of migration on migrants families staying in the country

 

JMDI Projects

Project 1

"Health for all. Shared governance of a social health system between Italy and Tunisia"

Where: Kasserine

Context: Among the 432,300 inhabitants located in the governorate of Kasserine (Central West of Tunisia), 61% live in rural areas where health infrastructures are particularly lacking. Indeed, there is only one doctor for 3,226 inhabitants and 1.25 beds in health facilities per 1000 inhabitants. The Kasserine Hospital is the regional referral facility for the governorate. Considering the strong presence of Tunisian migrants in Italy, the governorate of Kasserine partnered with the Region of Tuscany to address this health issue. In this context, the initiative “Support to the Governorate of Kasserine socio-health system" aims to develop resources and more effective practices to meet recurring needs in health centers in the periphery and the regional Kasserine Hospital. Today, the Governorate seeks to reinforce this initiative through the participation of the Tunisian community residing in Tuscany.

Objectives: improve the socio-sanitary conditions in the region, through the strengthening of the partnership between public institutions and civil society active in the Tunisian and Italian social and health systems.

Partner organization(s): Croissant Rouge National Tunisien, COSPE – Cooperazione per lo Sviluppo dei Paesi Emergenti

Beneficiaries: This initiative will directly benefit mothers and children in the region of Kasserine and foresees an increase in 20% of women’s access to quality health facilities.

Duration: 21 months

Contribution from the JMDI: USD 230,000

 

Project 2

"Improving the livelihoods of rural women in Jilma, Sidi Bouzid with the support of the Tunisian diaspora in France"

Where: Jilma, Sidi Bouzid

Context: The female population of Sidi Bouzid is most likely to suffer from disadvantages in terms of their well-being (education, health, income, etc.) as well as more limited access to employment and control of resources which is a real obstacle to national and local development. Women are also do not sufficiently participate in the development planning of Jilma. Considering that agriculture remains the principal source of employment and that 15% of Jilma’s population is affected by migration, the governorate of Sidi Bouzid adopted a local development plan that seeks to revive the farming sector mainly by integrating women into the process and soliciting the support of migrants’ know–how and remittances.

Objectives: create resources and improve the standard of living of rural families by enabling rural women to access and actively engage in farming activities that generate a permanent income.

Partner organization(s): Association Tunisien des Deux Rive France

Beneficiaries: Through this initiative, 10 women of Jilma will be empowered and able to implement farming activities. Overall, by reviving the farming sector in the region, the project will benefit the local community at large with the creation of 10 new farming structures.

Duration: 21 months

Contribution from the JMDI: USD 46,000

 

For more information contact the JMDI Focal Point Sophiane Mehiaoui, sophiane.mehiaoui@undp.org , (+216) 58 449 120 

Calendar of Events

IOM Tunisia and the National Institute of Labor and Social Studies (INTES) are organizing the sixth edition of the Summer School on Migration from March 15 – 19, each day from 9am – 5pm (Tunisia time). The Summer School on Migration is a comprehensive training program that allows public officials, students and civil society to acquire new knowledge on a specific topic...

M4D Jobs

M4D Library

País: Túnez Área temática principal: Participación de la diáspora para el desarrollo Palabras clave: empoderamiento económico de las mujeres, desarrollo rural, emprendimiento, asociación entre múltiples actores Este estudio de caso proporciona información sobre cómo el compromiso de la diáspora puede mejorar las iniciativas de desarrollo local. En este caso específico...

M4D Resources

País: Túnez Área temática: Asociaciones para la gestión efectiva de la migración para el desarrollo local Palabras clave: diáspora, enfoque multilateral, potenciación económica Este estudio de caso destaca el valor y la importancia de la creación de asociaciones público-privadas en proyectos de migración y desarrollo. Un actor es raramente equipado con todas las...
Pays : Tunisie Domaine thématique : Partenariats pour une gestion efficace des migrations pour le développement local Mots clés : diaspora, approche multi-acteurs, autonomie économique Cette étude de cas souligne la valeur et l'importance de la mise en place de partenariats public-privé dans les projets de migration et de développement. Un acteur seul est rarement...
Country: Tunisia Thematic area: Partnerships for Effective Migration Management for Local Development Key words: diaspora, multi-stakeholder approach, economic empowerment This case study highlights the value and importance of setting up public-private partnerships in migration and development projects. A single actor is rarely equipped with all the necessary tools to...
País: Túnez Área Temática Principal: Participación de las diásporas en el desarrollo Palabras Clave: empoderamiento económico de la mujer, desarrollo rural, emprendimiento, asociación de múltiples partes interesadas Este estudio de caso analiza cómo la inclusión de la diáspora puede fortalecer las iniciativas de desarrollo local. Específicamente, las organizaciones de...
Pays : Tunisie Principal domaine thématique : Mobiliser les diasporas pour le développement Mots clés : émancipation économique des femmes, développement rural, entreprenariat, partenariats multipartites Cette étude de cas donne un aperçu de la façon dont l'engagement de la diaspora peut renforcer les initiatives de développement local. En particulier, les...
Country: Tunisia Main thematic Area: Engaging diaspora for development Keywords: economic empowerment of women, rural development, entrepreneurship, multi-stakeholder partnership This case study provides insight on how diaspora engagement can enhance local development initiatives. In this specific case, diaspora organisations, with the support of local stakeholders and...

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