Welcome to the Country Profile page of Tunisia. Below you can find information and news on the country related to migration and development, what projects are going on in the JMDI and key documents or resources related to the projects or country itself.
Political and decentralization context:
Tunisia has undertaken a complete democratic transition, triggered by the 2011 revolution which marked the beginning of the ‘Arab Spring’. The country committed itself to the building of an inclusive, responsible, decentralized and transparent governance system, based on strong democratic institutions and on the rule of law. The new Constitution of January 27th 2014 has thus erected decentralization as a fundamental reference in the distribution of power, the territorial organization and the free administration by local authorities. The stated objectives are the promotion of representative, inclusive and participative democracy at the local authority level, a responsible and transparent decentralized political and fiscal governance, a more efficient local services production and fair local economic development.
After having achieved significant progress towards the Millennium Development Goals, Tunisia ranked among the 10 best-performing countries in terms of non-monetary HDI and GDP between 1970 and 2010 (Human Development Report, 2010). In 2014, Tunisia’s HDI of 0.721 ranks it 96thin the world. However, it is to be noted that basic education quality varies between regions and that other great socio-economic disparities exist within the territory. The country’s development is challenged by some of the current political instability both due to the post-revolutionary situation as well as the terrorism threat which has been accentuated by the political crisis faced by its neighbour, Libya. The new Tunisian government which was appointed by the 2014 electoral process has committed itself, since March 2015, to reconnect with planning practices by reactivating the necessary technical and organizational devices for developing a new Tunisian development plan. The aim is to include development actions in a new strategic vision, based on inclusion, equity and sustainability.
In 2012, the number of Tunisians abroad (mainly living in Europe) reached 1 223 213 migrants corresponding to 11,35% of the total population. This migration is mainly motivated by the search for a job and improved living standards for the migrant and their family in the broad sense. Tunisians abroad contribute actively to the development of Tunisia, namely through remittances. Over the last ten years, remittances annual average represent more than 5% of the GDP and 20% of national savings. Over 53,000 foreign nationals are living in Tunisia, according to the latest demographic census by the National Institute of Statistics. As of June 2015, the number of refugees reached 824 persons and 156 asylum seekers according to the UNHCR data.
Key local, national laws and bilateral or international agreements related to M&D:
The following organizations are working on Migration and Development-related issues in Tunisia:
News for this country:
Key documents for this country:
"Health for all. Shared governance of a social health system between Italy and Tunisia"
Context: Among the 432,300 inhabitants located in the governorate of Kasserine (Central West of Tunisia), 61% live in rural areas where health infrastructures are particularly lacking. Indeed, there is only one doctor for 3,226 inhabitants and 1.25 beds in health facilities per 1000 inhabitants. The Kasserine Hospital is the regional referral facility for the governorate. Considering the strong presence of Tunisian migrants in Italy, the governorate of Kasserine partnered with the Region of Tuscany to address this health issue. In this context, the initiative “Support to the Governorate of Kasserine socio-health system" aims to develop resources and more effective practices to meet recurring needs in health centers in the periphery and the regional Kasserine Hospital. Today, the Governorate seeks to reinforce this initiative through the participation of the Tunisian community residing in Tuscany.
Objectives: improve the socio-sanitary conditions in the region, through the strengthening of the partnership between public institutions and civil society active in the Tunisian and Italian social and health systems.
Partner organization(s): Croissant Rouge National Tunisien, COSPE – Cooperazione per lo Sviluppo dei Paesi Emergenti
Beneficiaries: This initiative will directly benefit mothers and children in the region of Kasserine and foresees an increase in 20% of women’s access to quality health facilities.
Duration: 21 months
Contribution from the JMDI: USD 230,000
"Improving the livelihoods of rural women in Jilma, Sidi Bouzid with the support of the Tunisian diaspora in France"
Where: Jilma, Sidi Bouzid
Context: The female population of Sidi Bouzid is most likely to suffer from disadvantages in terms of their well-being (education, health, income, etc.) as well as more limited access to employment and control of resources which is a real obstacle to national and local development. Women are also do not sufficiently participate in the development planning of Jilma. Considering that agriculture remains the principal source of employment and that 15% of Jilma’s population is affected by migration, the governorate of Sidi Bouzid adopted a local development plan that seeks to revive the farming sector mainly by integrating women into the process and soliciting the support of migrants’ know–how and remittances.
Objectives: create resources and improve the standard of living of rural families by enabling rural women to access and actively engage in farming activities that generate a permanent income.
Partner organization(s): Association Tunisien des Deux Rive France
Beneficiaries: Through this initiative, 10 women of Jilma will be empowered and able to implement farming activities. Overall, by reviving the farming sector in the region, the project will benefit the local community at large with the creation of 10 new farming structures.
Duration: 21 months
Contribution from the JMDI: USD 46,000
For more information contact the JMDI Focal Point Sophiane Mehiaoui, firstname.lastname@example.org , (+216) 58 449 120