Welcome to the Country Profile page of Morocco. Below you can find information and news on the country related to migration and development, what projects are going on in the JMDI and key documents or resources related to the projects or country itself.
Political and decentralization context:
In the last few years, Morocco has been leading a decentralization process called “Advanced Regionalization”. The new territorial division, adopted in February 2015, divided the Moroccan territory into 12 regions, 75 provinces (62 provinces and 13 prefectures) and 1,503 municipalities. The decentralization process took a step forward after the Arab spring, in 2011 with the adoption in 2015 of three organic laws, a new territorial division and the first local and regional elections since the adoption of the new constitution. In a country where economic activity is mainly concentrated in the urban and littoral areas, this new regionalization aims to propel integral development policies throughout the country by mobilizing local actors and ensuring their participation in economic, social and environmental sustainable development planning. The territorial organization is based on the principles of administrative freedom, cooperation and solidarity.
The Moroccan Constitution establishes that men and women enjoy equal rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural and environmental fields. In order to foster development and reduce poverty, precariousness and social exclusion in the national territory, the Moroccan State relies on several public institutions and initiatives. The National Initiative for Human Development (INDH), launched by King Mohammed VI in 2005, is considered to be the strategic roadmap for social development in the country, emphasizing the need to promote integrated local development through a decentralized and participatory approach. In July 2015, the King launched a 5 billion USD programme to overcome the isolation of rural areas. Considered as the preparatory step of the second phase of the INDH, this programme aims to provide infrastructure and better access to basic social services.
The Council of the Moroccan Community Abroad has had a leading role in linking migration and development at the national level. The main objectives of the Council are to protect Moroccans living abroad, reinforce their contribution to economic, social and human development of their homeland and consolidate a network of cooperation between the Moroccan communities abroad and their territories of residence.
Locally, important changes are currently occurring at the three local levels: regions, provinces, and municipalities. The main changes taking place are the transfer of new competences like Health, Education and Social issues to regions and provinces and the strengthening of their competencies in territorial planning. Moreover, Regional Councils are now given more autonomy and a central role in the Economic Development field.
It is also relevant to note that since 2009, Municipalities have been functioning under the framework of Communal Development Plans (Plans Communaux de Développement or PCDs). The first PCD cycle is due to end by 2016 and the second set to run from 2017 to 2023.
Human mobility is an important topic in Morocco due to its large diaspora and varied immigration context. The Moroccan diaspora accounts for more than 4 million people residing predominantly in Europe, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and the United States and maintaining close social, cultural and economic ties with their country of origin. Today, remittances represent about 7 per cent of Morocco’s GDP and are valued by the Office des Changes du Maroc at 22.7 billion MAD (equal to USD 280 million). The Ministry of Moroccans Residing Abroad and Migration Affairs (MCMREAM), the Foundation Hassan II for Moroccans Residing Abroad and the Conseil de la communauté marocaine à l'étranger are active in developing mechanisms to strengthen ties and engage qualified nationals abroad to contribute to the development of Morocco.
Key local, national laws and bilateral or international agreements related to M&D:
Moroccan Constitution: Morocco's Constitution of 2011
Migratory Policy to live in the Kingdom of Morocco (in French)
The following organizations are working on Migration and Development-related issues in Morocco:
Head of the government (in French)
UNICEF in Morocco (in French)
Key documents for this country: