E-discussion on contributing to the Final Outcome Document of the Second Mayoral Forum on Mobility, Migration and Development
The JMDI is pleased to launch this e-discussion on the topic of cities’ role in developing and migration policies that encourage migrants to prosper in urban settings, and that support migration as a contributor to development processes in origin and destination communities.
This e-discussion forms part of JMDI efforts, together with the World Bank/KNOMAD and UNITAR, to promote the emerging political dialogue on migration and development at the local level through the Mayoral Forum on Mobility, Migration and Development, the first of which took place in Barcelona on 19-20 June 2014. The Mayoral Forum is an annual global gathering of Mayors and senior city administrators and other local and regional authorities, with the international community of inter-governmental experts, academics, donors and NGOs. Its main purposes are to strategize and propose new and innovative approaches to urban governance in contexts of greater diversity, and to support cities’ implementation of migration policies for inclusive growth.
During the first Mayoral Forum in Barcelona, Mayor Rodas of Quito declared: “Cities are the key players in migration policies because they put in practice all the principles that national governments implement.” The outcome document from the first Mayoral Forum, the “Call of Barcelona”, emphasized the need to amplify the voice of cities in global discussions, and assure greater access and inclusion of local decision-makers in matters pertaining to migration.
Building on what has been achieved in Barcelona, the purpose of this e-discussion is therefore to gather the knowledge and expertise of cities and local authorities’ worldwide to feed into the Outcome Document of the Second Mayoral Forum on Mobility, Migration and Development taking place on 12-13 November 2015 in the City of Quito.
The positive contributions of migrants towards inclusive growth and sustainable development is now prominently reflected in the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which underlines how migrants contribute to development, and how better governance of migration can reduce global inequalities. Moreover, specific migration related targets have been included in the Agenda ranging from: reducing the costs associated with migration by reducing the costs of transferring remittances (Goal 10 Target (10c)), promoting the protection of migrant workers (Goal 8 (Target 8)), countering human trafficking (Goals 5 and 16 (Targets 2)), promoting better migration governance (Goals 10 (Target 7)), skills transfers through international education opportunities (Goal 4 (Target 4b)), and data generation by migratory status (Goal 17 (Target 18)). * Finally, “Goal 11” dedicated to cities and human settlements calling for “mak[ing] cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.
Migration is also well reflected in the Financing for Development outcome document from the Addis Ababa Third International Conference whereby the international development community has committed to ensuring that the economic benefits of migration are fully harnessed through actions from increasing cooperation on access to and portability of earned benefits, to lowering the cost of recruitment for migrants.
The new SDGs and the Addis Ababa Agenda for Action therefore come at a time when local and regional authorities, including cities, are increasingly finding themselves at the forefront of confronting not only development challenges but dealing with the effects of migration where the impact of migration is most strongly felt. This is highly pertinent given that more than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas with the majority of migrants and displaced populations also moving to urban areas. Local governments are therefore increasingly responsible for issues ranging from urban planning, integration, reintegration, legal protection, education, public order, economic development, to public health. They must often act in the face of multiple challenges linked to the changing face of urban/rural populations; harsh economic landscapes; rapid, concentrated social change; difficult political climates; and new kinds of integration policies.
The Second Mayoral Forum on Mobility, Migration and Development acknowledges this role in addressing migration governance and harnessing its development potential and therefore aims to build on the momentum created by the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to promote and explore the role of decentralized levels of governments in implementing the SDGs in a spirit of knowledge sharing, partnership building and dialogue. To support this process, the JMDI, the World Bank/KNOMAD and UNITAR kindly ask you to share your comments and experience by providing your feedback on the Quito Mayoral Forum Outcome Document which looks at areas where cities are and can make inroads in fostering the implementation of the SDGs for the benefit of migrants and their families, and for city dwellers at large.
Questions for discussion
Based on the above, the JMDI, the World Bank/KNOMAD and UNITAR invite all local actors involved in migration and refugee protection to:
- Please go through the Quito Mayoral Forum outcome document, entitled the “Quito Local Agenda on Migration and Development” (see attached below in English, French and Spanish) and provide your general comments and additions in track changes. Send your comments to: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com OR via the below comments section.
- Specifically, we request that you comment on the content, adding and suggesting any changes or elements deemed missing based on your experience. These may include: concrete examples of good practices; and information on whether such examples are linked to and in line with regional and/or national efforts.
- Finally, we would ask you to explain how you think your territory could better facilitate the inclusion of migrants and refugees, and what kind of support (international, national, regional actors) would be needed.
We look forward to your participation,
The JMDI Team
Post script: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will be complemented and reinforced with respect to promoting inclusion in urban settings by the new Urban Agenda, which will be adopted at the forthcoming UN Habitat III Conference on Housing and Sustainable Development (Quito, Ecuador, 17-20 October 2016), where issues of discrimination and respect for diversity occupy a prominent position. A key reference point for transforming this ambitious agenda into reality is the application of a human rights-based and gender-sensitive approaches. A regional thematic meeting on "Intermediate cities: Urban growth and Regeneration” is taking place in Cuenca Ecuador on 9-11 November 2015 (http://habitat3.cuenca.gob.ec/).