JMDI Projects - the new phase
Building on the accomplishments and lessons learned in the first phase of the JMDI (2008-2012), the new phase of the programme, launched on the 1st December, 2012 and funded by the European Union and the Swiss Development Agency, focuses on M&D at the local level and aims to support local authorities seeking to contribute to linking migration and development. The JMDI has found that the effectiveness of M&D activities largely depends on the identification and establishment of strategic partnerships between civil society organisations and governments at decentralised levels. The most successful and sustainable M&D interventions identified by the JMDI are those with strong anchorage with the local governments in countries of origin and destination, in line with the essential local-to-local dimension of the migration and development nexus. When local authorities share a common vision with civil society partners, they develop a sense of ownership over projects that lead them to commit time, energy and resources, which effectively contribute to the success and sustainability of an M&D initiative.
For these reasons, the drivers and impact of migration are often most strongly felt at the local level, be it in terms of effects on the local labour market, the size and demographic of the local population, or the need for public service provision. This is why provinces and local authorities are strategic levels of governments to be involved, making consultations and agreement with sub-national levels of governments particularly important for the civil society.
However, in general terms, local governments have not received the same level of attention as other stakeholders, while their involvement and potential impact on the connections between migration and development is crucial. Against this background, the JMDI has launched phase II and is currently designing activities that will scale up a limited number of successful migration and development initiatives in selected countries. JMDI's main target group are local authorities that have a stake in local development and migration issues.
The expected outcomes of the new programme will be:
- To move from isolated and individual approaches towards more structured forms of interventions through the identification of promising initiatives from local authorities in partnership with civil society organisations in selected countries that will be scaled up to maximise impact on local development. The JMDI will support existing initiatives in 8 countries: Morocco, Tunisia, Senegal, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Nepal, and the Philipinnes.
- To reinforce the capacities of selected local administrations to effectively link migration and development, with a specific focus on facilitating increased coordination within local authorities’ administration in order to maximise their ability to grasp the potential of migration for development;
- To connect local authorities globally with each other and with other stakeholders and facilitate partnerships (between local authorities in countries of origin and destination of migration, migrant and refugee associations, the private sector, the social partners etc.) to reinforce local authorities’ potential to become active players in the field of migration and development.
These initiatives will be monitored to ensure successful delivery and collection of lessons learned and then disseminated at international level. It will also allow JMDI to identify real capacity building needs for both local governments and civil society and provide information for the JMDI to be able to design a state of the art training material for interested local actors based on these findings that will satisfy their needs. This training tool will be made available and adjusted to the needs of a global audience by drawing on specific modules that will be disseminated through the M4D Net.
Throughout the programme, the JMDI will ensure that governments – both at national and local level – feel ownership over the activities as well as fostering better dialogue and cooperation with civil society, thereby maximising the impact and sustainability of the JMDI-funded projects.