e-Discussion: Local authorities involvement in Migration and Development
Please note, that the e-discussion now has been closed. To read the consolidated reply please click here.
In advance of the launch of the EC-UN Joint Migration and Development Initiative (JMDI)’s new report, “From Migration to Development: Lessons drawn from the experience of Local Authorities” we are pleased to launch this e-discussion on the role of Local Authorities in Migration and Development, jointly moderated by IOM Rome.
In the last decade local authorities have become increasingly active as players in international cooperation initiatives. Decentralised cooperation has grown as a new and important dimension of development cooperation, is more and more comprehensive and professionalised and has seen a large increase in financial resources over recent years. Decentralized cooperation relies on both governmental and civil society networks with outreach into developing countries. It uses a diversity of tools in many regions of the world, such as co-funding agreements, city-to-city links and direct cooperation agreements.
In addition to initiating and supporting concrete actions in developing countries, local authorities are key actors for mobilising different stakeholders to work together. They are at the forefront of promoting collaborative approaches and policy coherence. Local authorities have the advantage of being close to their constituents, and of having a territorial presence. Local authorities' knowledge of local needs and the fact that they often provide the social services which are key to integration, such as education, health care and social assistance, as well as their innovative efforts to increase civic participation on the part of migrants' communities, mean that they are often at the forefront of efforts to involve diasporas in development – be it through targeted support to migrants' groups, fostering public-private schemes or twinning partnerships with institutions in developing countries.
The focus of this e-discussion is on the involvement of local authorities in Migration and Development. During the course of the discussion, which will last for four weeks, we will look at a series of questions, focusing on a different question each week:
- Week 1 – Diasporas: What are the development goals, strategies and initiatives local authorities want to involve diasporas in and vice versa? To what extent do they match the priorities of diasporas?
- Week 2 – Partnerships: How can joint initiatives between local authorities, civil society and migrants associations be strengthened to the benefit of migrants’ communities of origin?
- Week 3: – Replication: What examples are there of successful migration and development initiatives involving Local Authorities which have been replicated or could be replicated? For example: public-private partnerships, projects involving diasporas or flexible circular migration initiatives? How has replication been achieved? What measures and practices might enhance local authorities’ capacity in both developed and developing countries to replicate successful initiatives?
- Week 4: – Local/national coherence: How might complementarity between decentralised cooperation activities and national programmes involving migrants be ensured in developed countries? And how can national and local development strategies in developing countries involve diaspora communities abroad in a coordinated manner?
We look forward to your comments and experiences concerning methods of coordination between different levels of government, especially between local and national authorities, and between local authorities and civil society, both in origin and destination countries of migration. Expert moderation is provided by IOM Rome and aims to draw out CoP members’ views on and examples of aspects such as:
- Local authorities’ expertise in decentralized cooperation and co-development.
- Programmes engaging migrants as key players for the development of both their communities of origin and destination, including initiatives to support the transfer of migrants’ remittances.
- Examples of successful instruments such as cooperation networks or platforms along corridors of migration, city-to-city links, direct cooperation agreements, twinning between public and private sector employers and institutions to support circular migration, etc.
- The added value that local authorities can bring to the management of migration processes.
The discussion will be launched on Monday, 6th September 2010 and will run for four weeks.
We look forward to a rich and active discussion!